A comprehensive guide on Product Design

February 23, 2023 | Read Time : 3 mins

What is Product Design?

Product Design is the process of creating a usable product that meets the needs of the customer by defining the user’s problems and providing innovative solutions to these challenges. 

To characterize product design, we may define the following three characteristics:

  • Product design is a multifaceted process that covers everything from research to prototyping and testing.
  • Product design is human-centered (as are all good things), but it also considers the needs of the company and the
    market scenario.
  • Product design is an ongoing process (or almost so). It is not a well-defined sequence of steps. Everyone follows the structure that they believe is most appropriate and efficient. Yet, the process may contain an unanticipated number of iterations that are critical for understanding the problem and finding the optimal solution.

The primary steps in Product Design

The team of Product Design professionals takes responsibility for the project throughout its Product Design lifecycle, from Preliminary Research to Concept Development to Prototype and Usability Testing. 

In this part, we will go through some key processes at the heart of modern Product Design.

Product Discovery

When it comes to product decisions, we are constantly unsure whether our solution will be successful or not. Product Development reduces the risks involved with the viability of our ideas.

The purpose of Product Discovery is to determine if a concept is excellent or terrible rapidly and to answer the following questions:

  • Will people be interested in purchasing the product?
  • Will our customers find the product simple to use?
  • Will engineers be able to put our ideas into action?
  • Will our ideas be backed by stakeholders?

To answer these questions, you must thoroughly investigate the market and potential users. Here are several design approaches that can assist us in the product design.

User Interviews

A User Interview is an easy technique to discover how consumers feel, think and believe to produce a design that meets their needs. It facilitates the identification of the customers’ problems and pains and the creation of efficient solutions to
these problems.

Customer Journey Map

Creating a Customer Journey Map is one approach to illustrate the concepts that the team comes up with when brainstorming.

The Customer Journey Map depicts the points that must be developed between the consumer and the product. The map also aids in comprehending the emotions that consumers experience and the difficulties that may emerge along the
customer journey.

User Flow

While the Customer Journey Map focuses on the overall User Experience Design, the User Flow focuses on the process of utilizing the product.

User Flows are diagrams that define a user’s pathways when using a product to reach a certain objective.

User Experience Design

The term “User Experience” refers to any method where clients acknowledge the value provided by your product (UX). It addresses all client interactions and points of contact with your organization and product. When discussing current products, UX often refers to multiple interfaces and user touch points (marketing campaigns, customer support, sales process,
and so on).


A wireframe is a simple representation of a design that demonstrates the following:

  • The main features of each page
  • Their organization
  • User interaction with the interface and its visualization

Once you’ve decided what the team will construct, it’s time to use prototyping to visualize and test all of the concepts and strategic decisions.

The prototype is the initial product layout that represents all parts and functionality. It enables you to graphically present any ideas and make changes with minimum effort and expense.

Here is a list of problems and tasks that the prototype can help with

  • Visualization of the idea and understanding of how the product will appear in the early stages
  • The capacity to modify and develop the concept at a low cost.
  • The capacity to anticipate the whole development process’s timeline and budget more correctly.
  • Understanding the product’s future development direction.
  • When creating a prototype, it is important to validate and improve it.
User Testing

On a regular basis, good product designers put their ideas to the test with real consumers. They test not only when a prototype or concept is complete; they make testing a part of their weekly routine so they can constantly validate and iterate on designs depending on user feedback.

User Interface Design

The composition, typography, and visual brand communication are all part of UI design. As a result, once the screen structure has been verified and approved, product designers may build a visual design for your product and a design framework to make your app scalable.

Competitor Analysis

When analyzing competitors, you might discover their product’s strengths and drawbacks. This will help determine the overall direction of the product design concept and understand how to create a better design solution.

Mood boards

Mood Boards are previewed into future design. It aids in the presentation and coordination of the project’s
visual components.
In general, mood boards comprise of all the graphic components that will be used to express the project’s concept
and mood.

Product Design has a high business value

Some people understand the importance of good design, while others do not. And, as you know, the obvious things are the most difficult to explain logically. Fortunately, studies provide compelling evidence for the relevance of design in corporate value. For five years, McKinsey tracked 300 organizations from various nations and industries to determine how design approaches connected to financial success.

They created the McKinsey Design Index (MDI), which measures the strength of design in businesses. The graphs in the study show that firms with greater MDI have twice the yearly growth percentage as the average

Best Product Design examples

  • Apple: Everything, from their website to the most recent iPhone model, appears clean, simplistic, and desirable.
  • Airbnb: A product that revolutionized the tourist business by directly linking short-term rentals with their clientele.
  • Stripe: The valuable product and a human-centered design approach set this company apart from the competition.

So, in general, most successful goods that are simple yet brilliant, easy to use, and, as a result, market success are produced by organizations that appreciate the value of design skills. As a result, having a talented product designer on your team is crucial if you’re developing user-centered products.

How to build a powerful Product Design Team

A good design team is what allows you to produce an effective and valued product in the eyes of the users.
Here are some tips on how to put together a product design team:

Hire a generalist

UX and UI design are essential for your design team. A generalist is someone who possesses a wide range of skills that are transferable to both roles. Having a generalist on your team provides you with someone who isn’t afraid to take ownership of the full design process, from establishing user flows through high-fidelity prototypes.

Consider the best team structure

To function effectively, your team members should understand who to report to, who to seek guidance from, and so on. Creating a clear product team structure increases transparency and efficiency in your company. Because there are several methods to arrange a team, you should consider your company’s goals, resources, and product to make the best decision.

Establish an unique product design methodology

Designers that follow a well-organized design process can produce the final solution faster. It avoids misunderstandings or miscommunications among team members or senior management.

Following a well-defined design process explains for a team what they should do, when they should do it, and what they should achieve as a consequence.


OriginUX Studio


Team OriginUX

OriginUX Studio is a CoE for User Experience providing UI & UX across Product, Service and Customer Experience Design. We are a cross-disciplinary design team that loves to create great experiences and make meaningful connections for businesses and their users through UI & UX.

Founded in 2016, our larger purpose is to help brands understand what they want to do and where they want to go. To do that we have to make understanding customer experience simple, effortless, and affordable for everyone.

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